candelabrum n : branched candlestick; ornamental; has several lights [syn: candelabra] [also: candelabra (pl)]
- Candelabra is much more common as the plural candelabrum then candelabrums.
A candlestick, chamberstick, or single candelabrum is a holder for one or more candles, used for illumination, rituals or decorative purposes.
Although electric lighting has phased out candles, candlesticks and candelabra are still used in modern homes as a decorative element or to add atmosphere on special occasions. Before the invention of electricity, candles were brought into the bedroom using chambersticks, which were shorter than ordinary candleholders and furnished with a wide pan to catch the wax drippings. Candles and candlesticks are also used in religious rituals. In Jewish homes, two candles are lit to mark the beginning of the Sabbath on Friday night. Hence, candlesticks are often on display. A seven-branched candelabrum, known as the Menorah, is the national symbol of the State of Israel, based on the candelabrum that was used in the Temple in Jerusalem in ancient times. Another special candelabrum found in many Jewish homes is the Hanukiah, the Hanukkah menorah. The hanukiah has holders for 8 candles, plus an extra candle for lighting the others.
Tall candlesticks and altar lamps are often found in churches.
In popular culture, candlesticks are featured in the nursery rhyme Jack Be Nimble; as the character Lumiere in Disney's Beauty and the Beast; and in the game Cluedo. Many of Liberace's piano performances included a candelabrum on top of the grand piano. In the movie Bull Durham the assistant coach Larry (played by Robert Wuhl) suggests candlesticks as a wedding present during a crisis meeting held at the pitcher's mound in the middle of a game.
candelabrum in Arabic: شمعدان
candelabrum in Czech: Svícen
candelabrum in Danish: Lysestage
candelabrum in German: Armleuchter
candelabrum in French: Chandelier
candelabrum in Croatian: Čirak
candelabrum in Latin: Candelabrum
candelabrum in Lithuanian: Žvakidė
candelabrum in Japanese: 燭台
candelabrum in Norwegian: Lysestake
candelabrum in Polish: Kandelabr
candelabrum in Russian: Канделябр
candelabrum in Serbo-Croatian: Čirak
candelabrum in Swedish: Ljusstake